SEIZURE FIRST AID.
Ever wonder what you should do if you see someone having a seizure? Here ya go!
I already knew this, as my brother has severe epilepsy. But more people need to know.
Also, apparently, you should not compress the tongue. If you put your hand in their mouth, they could really take a bite out of you. That’s what my CPR teacher said.
Clarification/things to add:
-Not putting something in someone’s mouth: REALLY. DO NOT DO THIS. The person having the seizure could bite off a chunk of whatever it is and choke on it if they lose control of their airway. They will not swallow their tongue, so it is completely unnecessary.
-Turning someone on their side: This is really important because it allows the most access to air for someone who’s unable to control their breathing functions. -Timing the seizure: Call the ambulance with enough time do it to BE there when/if the seizure hits the 5-minute mark. This is the point at which severe seizures can begin to cause permanent brain damage. In people who HAVE epilepsy, seizures are not always something which calls for emergency personnel, and if you’re with a friend who’s epileptic you should ask about if/when/why paramedics should be called. In people who don’t typically have seizures, they should be treated very seriously.
-If possible, try to speak to the person in a reassuring tone throughout the seizure. Some people describe being in a state of semi-consciousness in which they are not fully aware of their surroundings but are afraid and know what is happening. It’s just a nice thing to do.
-Take note of what parts of the body are affected visibly. If only one of the person’s sides side is convulsing especially, a neurologist would want to know this because it can help indicate the type of seizure it was and whether the epilepsy or seizure pattern of that person is changing. For example, my brother has seizures that typically affect his left side- if he were to have one affecting only the right, or his entire body, I would make sure to alert his doctor.
-If you know the person has epilepsy before you go out, just ask how to help in case of seizure. People generally know their own needs better than a chart. Many people carry medications meant to stop seizures which must be inserted anally, but it is NOT okay to insert them without getting the person’s clear consent before a seizure happens.
-Not all seizures look like what most people expect them to look like (a lot of convulsing). I think of a visible seizure as any prolonged body movement that is involuntary. This definition, which I think is useful for people not used to thinking much about epilepsy and seizures, includes but is not limited to:
*inability to change facial expressions
*loss of an ability the person usually has
*sharp involuntary movements such as jerking motions
*tics the person does not usually have
Just thought that was important to share.
Considering the fact that I’m not epileptic, please feel free to add onto this if needed, or to correct/call out anything I messed up.